Groundwater Quality Analysis of Different Villages in Two Union Councils of District Tando Muhammad Khan

  • Abdul Qayoom Jakhrani Department of Environment Engineering, QUEST, Nawabshah, Pakistan
  • Abdul Rehman Jatoi Department of Environment Engineering, QUEST, Nawabshah, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Aslam Bhutto Department of Civil Engineering, NED University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Wasayo Sanam Sahito Civi Engineering Departmentl, College of Engineering & Islamic Umm-Al- Qura University Architecture, Makah, Saudi Arabia.
  • Ahsanullah Soomro Department of Environment Engineering, QUEST, Nawabsah, Pakistan
  • Noor Zaman Shar Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources (PCRWR) Laboratory Hyderabad, Pakistan
Keywords: water quality parameters, analysis, water characteristics

Abstract

The groundwater quality of different villages located in two Union Councils, namely Shah Karim Bulri and Khokhar of district Tando Muhammad Khan used for drinking purpose were analyzed. The water quality parameters checked were pH, turbidity, electrical conductivity, total dissolved salts, hardness, sodium, potassium, nitrate, fluoride, turbidity, iron and arsenic by taking fifteen samples in triplicate. Some parameters were examined using instruments and others by titration method. The obtained results were within the range as; pH from 6.6 to 7.5, turbidity 0.0-3.0 NTU, electrical conductivity 675-4030 µS/cm, total dissolved salts 432-2579 mg/l, hardness 90-860 mg/l, sodium 32-388 mg/l, potassium 0.9-18.1 mg/l, nitrate 0.18-1.24 mg/l, fluoride 0.08-0.54 mg/l, and arsenic 5.0 ppb-20 ppb. It was revealed that out of fifteen groundwater samples nine samples were unfit due to high concentration total dissolved salts and five groundwater samples were found unfit due high concentration of hardness and in one sample the concentration of arsenic was more than international standards. It was concluded from the analysis that the groundwater samples taken from AHNa-06 location is unfit for drinking purpose due to higher concentration of maximum number of examined parameters than WHO guideline values.

Published
2021-12-27
How to Cite
Jakhrani, A. Q., Jatoi, A. R., Bhutto, M. A., Sahito, W. S., Soomro, A., & Shar, N. Z. (2021). Groundwater Quality Analysis of Different Villages in Two Union Councils of District Tando Muhammad Khan. Quaid-E-Awam University Research Journal of Engineering, Science & Technology, Nawabshah., 19(2), 8-14. https://doi.org/10.52584/QRJ.1902.02

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