A Comparative Study of the Voltage Sag Propagation on Distribution Transformer under Un-Symmetrical Faults
In this paper, the characterization of the voltage sag propagation under unsymmetrical faults through distribution transformer for low voltage power network is tested with the help of a power analyzer, which is based on sequence components. The voltage sag is a big issue of the power quality (PQ) for the power system networks, which must be analyzed and characterized for the suitable protection schemes and the control strategy, separately. In this study, the voltage sag characterization is fully examined under the unsymmetrical faults through the delta-star with ground (D-Yg) connection, which is commonly imlemented in the distribution power transformers. The MATLAB/Simulink and power analyzer tools are used to characterize the voltage sag propagation. The power analyzer works on the symmetrical sequence component’s method of the voltage. Moreover, the phasor diagram of the voltage sag is also given in this paper for better understanding. The obtained results would help in the design of the protection schemes for low-voltage and controlling the impact of voltage sag through filters.
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