Effect of Sugarcane Bagasse Ash as Partial Cement Replacement on the Compressive Strength of Concrete
The disposal of solid waste in open environment is a serious alarming concern that needs immediate attention from the researchers. The hazardous solid agro-industrial wastes which include: wheat straw ash, rice husk ash, corn cob ash and sugarcane bagasse ash (SCBA), having pozzolanic properties, have a versatile use in concrete. The solid pozzolana enhances the various concrete properties by the reaction of silicates with calcium hydroxide in the presence of water, which in result generate a saturated zone of calcium silicate hydrate (CSH) gel. This C-S-H gel reduces the amount of calcium hydroxide C(OH)2 during the hydration process of cement. Very limited research works have been done on concrete by partially replacing cement with SCBA. This research work was focused on evaluating the properties of concrete by partially replacing cement with SCBA at 0, 5, 10, and 15 percentages. Compressive strength, Strength activity index, and water absorption of all mixes were examined. And it was observed that all SCBA mixes showed an increase in compressive strength and at 10% replacement the strength activity index was at a peak of 115.67%, but all the SCBA mixes showed a strength activity index greater than 75% which satisfied the standard specification. The water absorption test for all SCBA mixes showed a slight increase in water absorption.
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